Gender and Theology

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  • Created by: c.therine
  • Created on: 29-12-20 11:59
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  • Mary Daly: post-Christian radical feminist theologian and philosopher
    • Aim: to show that for women to achieve spiritual and moral liberation, Christianity must be transvaluated
      • Transvaluation: a complete re-evaluation of Christianity and society is needed
        • Be-eing: only women truly know about 'background' existence and its spiritual connection with nature
          • Why is Christianity essentially sexist?
            • New language: new language frees women from patriarchy, e.g. spinster, hag, crone, snool
            • Abuse of women: Christianity abuses women, Jesus' cross is a symbol of torture and sexual dominance. As God is male it justifies male dominance of women
            • Unholy Trinity: **** (power and lack of community); genocide (degradation of women); war (Church support of war and other forms of killing)
      • Beyond God the Father: only women can transform patriarchy and find the deep spiritual forces of nature
        • New language: new language frees women from patriarchy, e.g. spinster, hag, crone, snool
  • Rosemary Radford Reuther: Catholic feminist liberation theologian
    • Aim: to show that Christianity can be interpreted to provide spiritual and moral liberation
      • Goddess: Christianity has retained the experience of the female aspect of God
        • New Communities: the early Christian communities were egalitarian and based on female/male friendship
          • Can Jesus as a male saviour save women?
            • Incarnation and Spirit: Jesus is the incarnation of God's wisdom; the Spirit continues to develop Jesus' teaching
            • Yes! Jesus rejects the male warrior messiah; he gave dignity to the marginalised; the Holy Spirit continues its work in healing relationships
            • No! Jesus is male; the Church is controlled by men; only  man can become a priest
      • Wisdom: God's wisdom is female, which is the creative, knowable aspect of God
        • Incarnation and Spirit: Jesus is the incarnation of God's wisdom; the Spirit continues to develop Jesus' teaching

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