Gender and Beliefs continued

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  • Created by: HLOldham
  • Created on: 28-03-16 17:44
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  • Gender and Beliefs
    • NRMs
      • Bruce (1995)
        • Female-to-male involvement - 2:1
    • Sects and Women
      • Poverty
        • Women are more likely to experience poverty - economic deprivation = likely to join sects
      • Social Deprivation
        • Glock and Stark (1969) - lack of power, prestige, status and satisfaction
          • E.g. women in lower class jobs can find satisfaction in evangelical goals
            • Social Deprivation
              • Glock and Stark (1969) - lack of power, prestige, status and satisfaction
                • E.g. women in lower class jobs can find satisfaction in evangelical goals
        • Organic Deprivation
          • People who suffer physical and mental problems
            • E.g. women turn to sects in hope of being healed/as an alternative drugs or alcohol
              • Organic Deprivation
                • People who suffer physical and mental problems
                  • E.g. women turn to sects in hope of being healed/as an alternative drugs or alcohol
          • Ethical Deprivation
            • E.g. people think he world is in moral decline so join a sect to separate themselves from the world
            • E.g. Jim Jones' Peoples Temple - mainly women
              • E.g. people think he world is in moral decline so join a sect to separate themselves from the world
        • Cults and Women
          • Based on self-improvement
          • Solutions to problems: mediation, better consciousness
          • Relates to traditional gender roles, which are based in 'private' home
          • Leadership: easier for women to achieve leadership roles, harder to gain in employment/ social life
        • New Age and Women
          • Aldridge (2000) - Goddess
            • Interest in the Goddess gives women central control, it offers a more positive image of femininity than traditional religions do
          • Bruce (2006) - Therapies
            • Women are more involved in herbal remedies, yoga, meditation, astrology etc
        • Fundamentalism and Women
          • Groups in Iran, Iraq and Afghanistan insist on keeping women's traditional positions in society
            • E.g. child-rearing, housework
            • However...
              • The number of women attending Church has been declining since the 1980s
                • Reasons for this decline - Aune (2008)
                  • Fertility levels
                    • Women have fewer children now
                    • Older generations aren't being replaced in the Church
                  • Feminist Values
                    • Raised women's aspirations
                    • Challenged Christian views about women's roles
                  • Paid Employment
                    • Hard to juggle a job, childcare, housework and Church
                  • Family Diversity
                    • Cohabitation
                    • Single people
                    • Single-parent families
                  • Sexuality
                    • Church is ambivalent towards sexuality
                    • Makes women deny and be silent about their sexual desires and activity
                    • Homosexuality is not readily accepted in Church
        • 3 Types of Modern Women - Woodhead (2005)
          • 3. Work-centered: more secular
          • 2. Jugglers: Combines work and home - usually 'alternative sexuality'
          • 1. Home-centered: Priority is her home and family - traditionally Christian

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