Tourism mind map

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  • Created by: p212213
  • Created on: 21-06-16 19:43
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  • GCSE GEOGRAPHY TOURISM
    • THE GROWTH OF TOURISM
      • Reasons
        • more disposable income
        • package holidays and cheaper flights and the ease of booking online
        • Rising social aspirations
        • holidays have increased from 2 weeks in the 1950's to 4-6 weeks nowadays
        • most people have cars making it easier to drive to neighboring countries
    • IMPORTAN-CE OF TOURISM
      • Tourism creates jobs for local people, helping the economy to grow
        • e.g in restaurants and hotels
      • It increases the income of other businesses that supply the tourist industry
        • e.g farms that supply food to hotels
      • poorer countries are more dependent on tourism
        • e.g it contributes to 3% of the UK's GDP but 15% of Kenya's
      • Tourism is important to economies all over the world
        • e.g Tourism in France generated 35 million in 2006 and created 2 million jobs
    • UK TOURISM
      • Factors affecting visitor numbers
        • Weather- bad weather can discourage visitors
        • Exchange Rates- when exchange rates are low the country is cheaper to visit so more people come
        • Terrorism- the UK's current terror level is severe and after the 2005 london bombings tourism fell sharply
        • major events- an example of this is Liverpool winning the European capitol of culture in 2008, creating 3.5 million new visitors
      • How tourism makes a contribution to our economy
        • 32 million overseas visitors in 2008
        • in 2007 tourism contributed £114 billion to the economy and employed 1.4 million people
    • THE BUTLER LIFE MODEL
      • 1. Exploration
        • Small numbers of visitors are attracted by something particular; good beaches etc
      • 2. Involvement
        • Local population sees opportunities and starts to provide accommodation, food etc
      • 3. Development
        • Large companies build hotels and leisure complexes and advertise package holidays
      • 4. Consolidation
        • Tourism now major part of economy. Visitor numbers are steady
      • 5. Stagnation
        • Resort becomes unfashionable and visitor numbers start to decline
      • 6. Decline or Rejuvenation
        • Decline- Visitors prefer other resorts
        • Rejuvenation-Attempts are made to modernise the resort

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