GB ATTITUDE TO EUROPE (1945-1973)

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  • GB ATTITUDE TO EUROPE (1945-1973)
    • Political organisation
      • GB DID NOT TAKE MESSINA CONFER. SERIOUSLY (1955) - THIS MARKS THE START OF THE EEC.
        • GB BACKS EFTA INSTEAD OF EEC - EFTA DOES NOT THREATEN GB SOVEREIGNTY, WORK THE TARIFF REDUCTION + HOPED WOULD ENABLE TO INFLUENCE EUROPE
          • EFTA NOT AS SUCCESS AS EEC - FROM 1953-63, UK INCREASE OF EXPORTS 40%, WHILE 'THE SIX' = 140%
        • GB DID NOT SIGN TREATY OF ROME
          • MISS OUT ON EEC ('MISS BUS')
            • GB DID NOT TAKE MESSINA CONFER. SERIOUSLY (1955) - THIS MARKS THE START OF THE EEC.
              • GB BACKS EFTA INSTEAD OF EEC - EFTA DOES NOT THREATEN GB SOVEREIGNTY, WORK THE TARIFF REDUCTION + HOPED WOULD ENABLE TO INFLUENCE EUROPE
                • EFTA NOT AS SUCCESS AS EEC - FROM 1953-63, UK INCREASE OF EXPORTS 40%, WHILE 'THE SIX' = 140%
              • GB DID NOT SIGN TREATY OF ROME
                • MISS OUT ON EEC ('MISS BUS')
        • GB DOES NOT AGREE WITH SCHUMAN PLAN - (SHARING OF COAL AND STEEL) DUE TO SUPRANAT. THREATEN GB SOVEREIGNTY
          • GB NOT INVOLVED IN ECSC (SET UP IN 1952.)
        • EDC = United European defence force (THREATEN GB SOVEREIGNTY)
      • Economic
        • Individual figures
          • De Gaulle
            • 1. STOPPED MACMILLAN - APPLY IN 1961
              • 2. STOPPED WILSON - APPLY IN 1967
                • DE GAULLE RESIGNS IN1969
          • Pompidou
            • HEATH BEFRIENDS POMPIDOU - PLAYS DOWN RELATIONS WITH US, POMPIDOU ACCEPTS = GB ACCEPTS POOR CONDITIONS
        • Political (Global)
          • USA
            • Special relationship = prioritised over Europe.
              • USA provided Britain with loans after war = economically dependent on USA.
                • However, Britan announced that it no longer needed its quota of economic aid in 1949.
                  • Less importance of USA'S special relationship.
              • USA provided defence when Europe was weak after WW2.
                • In the build up of the cold war, this defence by the USA was even more crucial.
                  • Britain had not built the H bomb until 1955, whereas, USA + USSR had tested by 1953.
          • CONCERN OF COMMONWEALTH

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