- Born AD129
- Diagnosis and the four humours
- Four Humours
- Like Hippocrates, he believed illness was caused by imbalance of the four humours
- Like Hippocrates, Galen told doctors to observe and examine carefully, taking pulses and detailed notes too.
- In AD167 Galen made detailed notes on the plague, recording how his patients had fever, thirst, diarrhoea, skin rash and spat blood
- Notes so thorough it was known as Galen's Plague
- Four Humours
- Followed Hippocrates on advice of diet and exercise
- Most common treatment was bleeding to restore balance within the four humours
- Also used theory of opposites to balance the four humours
- Too much phlegm->caused by cold->treatment must be heat ie hot chili peppers.
- Anatomy and dissection
- Used dissection more than Hippocrates
- Dissected a pig to show discovery of nervous system - pig squealed - galen cut into its neck to find the nerves - kept cutting each nerve whilst pig squealed - cut the right nerve and pig died.
- Often dissected animals not humans
- Important discoveries
- Proved that brain, not heart controlled speech.
- Arteries and veins carried blood
- Wrote hundreds of books
- Covered every aspect of medicine in extreme detailed and very organised notes
- Included work of Hippocrates and himself
- He fitted in with ideas of Christian Church- controlled education
- Believed body was created by one God - matched Christian beliefs so no one dared to prove him wrong.
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