Fungi structures

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  • Fungi structures
    • filamentous body
      • most fungi's body is the mycelium
        • interwoven mass of one cell thick, threadlike filaments called hyphae
          • 2 types of hyphae
            • coenocytic hyphae
              • single elongated cells with several nuclei
            • septate hyphae
              • subdivided by partitions called septum into many cells
      • cell walls made of chitin
      • fungal mycelium infuses quickly into suitable substrates
        • eg. cheese and bread
      • sometimes, hyphae grow together and differentiate into reproductive structure which are projected above the surface of substrate
      • mycelium: efficient absorption of nutrients
  • reproduction via spores
    • Fungi structures
      • filamentous body
        • most fungi's body is the mycelium
          • interwoven mass of one cell thick, threadlike filaments called hyphae
            • 2 types of hyphae
              • coenocytic hyphae
                • single elongated cells with several nuclei
              • septate hyphae
                • subdivided by partitions called septum into many cells
        • cell walls made of chitin
        • fungal mycelium infuses quickly into suitable substrates
          • eg. cheese and bread
        • sometimes, hyphae grow together and differentiate into reproductive structure which are projected above the surface of substrate
        • mycelium: efficient absorption of nutrients
    • methods of dispersal
      • by attaching to animals' bodies
      • by wind
      • by the digestive systems of animals
      • by self-propulsion
    • asexual and sexual reproduction
      • mitosis: 1->2
      • meiosis: 1->4
    • clamp connections
      • to "sort out" the different nuclei such that the + and - nuclei are "paired up"
      • dikaryotic cells
  • produced in large numbers
    • reproduction via spores
      • methods of dispersal
        • by attaching to animals' bodies
        • by wind
        • by the digestive systems of animals
        • by self-propulsion
      • asexual and sexual reproduction
        • mitosis: 1->2
        • meiosis: 1->4
      • clamp connections
        • to "sort out" the different nuclei such that the + and - nuclei are "paired up"
        • dikaryotic cells

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