Religious Fundamentalism

  • Created by: Anjalee
  • Created on: 04-01-13 11:51
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  • Religious Fundamentalism
    • Fundamentalism and Cosmopolitanism
      • Fundamentalism relies on traditional beliefs. Gidden sees its growth as a reaction to globalisation. The attraction of Fundamentalism is the certainty promised in an uncertain world. Cosmopolitanism is tolerant of the views of others and as the liberal nature of values in society today, Gidden claims that fundamentalism is the enemy of it. 
      • Response to postmodernism -Unlikely to exist within religions which worship more than one God eg:Hinduism. -In the west, fundamentalism is a reaction against change within a country -In the East, it is a reaction against change which is impressed upon a country -GIDDENS contrasts fund
      • Responses to Postmodernity
        • Criticisms
          • -Ignores hybrid movements      -Ignores other important developments like the effect of globalisation on non-fundamentalist religions. (Catholicism) -Ignores  differences between the types of fundamentalism.
    • Monotheism and Fundamentalism
      • Bruce regards fundamentalism as being confined to monotheistic religions such as Islam. This is because monotheistic religions are based on a notion of Gods' will within an authoritative text. Therefore, polytheistic religions include a scope for different interpretations. Hinduism has been described as being a collection of religions.
      • Bruce: Two Fundamentalisms
        • In the West: Fundamentalism is most often a reaction to change. E.g. The New Christian Right has developed in opposition to family diversity and the privatisation of religion.
        • In the third world: Fundamentalism is usually a reaction to changes being thrust upon society from outside. e.g. Islamic Revolution in Iran.


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