Functions of the House of Commons

  • Created by: meliasyd
  • Created on: 10-05-19 18:42
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  • Functions of MPs in Commons
    • Scrutiny
      • Parliament is responsible for holding the government to account for their actions
      • MPs can do this through questioning ministers in the commons or within select committees of which MPs form
      • Once a week, on a Wednesday afternoon, prime ministers questions are held in order for MPs to scrutinise governmental actions, specifically in relation to the prime minister
    • Debate
      • MPs debate key issues of the day and how to act upon these
      • MPs can do this through the reading of a bill, asking questions to a minister or general debates in which subjects are introduced as a proposal or motion
    • Representation
      • MPs must protect the needs and interests of their constituents, this is what they are elected to do
      • During parliamentary debate, MPs will speak up on behalf of constituents and issues which affect their specific area
        • They also vote on bills by considering what will benefit their constituents
    • Law making
      • The house of commons makes laws that are binding on UK citizens
      • Under the principle of parliamentary sovereignty, the house of commons is the supreme law making body in the UK
    • Legitimation
      • Members of the commons must approve all bills in order for them to become statute law.
      • Members of parliament also must approve the government's budget
    • Forming a govt
      • The house of commons provides ministers to form a government, all of which must be sitting MPs in parliament
      • Ministers are chosen from the commons, by appointment of the Prime Minister


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