Functionalists in the family

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  • Created by: Caitlin G
  • Created on: 27-03-15 14:53
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  • Functionalists in the family
    • Parsons
      • Warm Bath Theory
        • The Family is a Warm Bath
          • Relaxing and destressing
          • Moral cleanlisness
            • Socialising children into good people
          • Rubber duck
            • Children can play
            • Adults can play/be silly
          • Naked
            • Taken off sociological roles
            • They see the real you
          • May only be function for men
            • Criticisms
              • Functionalists focus on the positives
                • give little consideration to its disadvantages
                  • eg. domestic/child abuse
              • assume family is equally functional for all
              • fail to consider the viability of alternatives for the family
              • don't consider the diversity of family types
                • eg. what effect does class, sexuality, ethnicity, religion etc have on families
              • intpretivists say they focus too much on family's effect in society and less on what it means for individuals
              • counter-theories
                • Marxism
                • Faminism
      • Sex Role Theory
        • People take on instrumental roles
          • Instrumental role
            • Man's role
            • Discipline-er
            • Breadwinner
            • Head of household
          • Expressive role
            • Women's role
            • Nurture children
            • Domestic
    • Young and Wilmott
      • March of progress
        • The majority family type changes with society as do the functions of that family type
    • Murdoch
      • "No society has seceded in finding and adequate substitution for the nuclear family"
    • The nuclear family structure is most functional for individuals and society
    • Goode
      • Argues the nuclear family should be seen as an ideal type
    • Criticisms
      • Functionalists focus on the positives
        • give little consideration to its disadvantages
          • eg. domestic/child abuse
      • assume family is equally functional for all
      • fail to consider the viability of alternatives for the family
      • don't consider the diversity of family types
        • eg. what effect does class, sexuality, ethnicity, religion etc have on families
      • intpretivists say they focus too much on family's effect in society and less on what it means for individuals
      • counter-theories
        • Marxism
        • Faminism

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