Sociology- Functions (family)

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  • Created by: Rebecca
  • Created on: 14-02-13 17:16
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  • FUNCTIONALISTS
    • Murdock (1949)
      • Family performs 4 main functions
        • 3) Primary Socialisation
          • Socialises young children what society values are eg general manner
        • 2) Reproduction of the next generation
          • Without this society could not continue as no new generation will be born
        • 1) Stable satisfaction of the sex drive
          • Prevents the social disruption caused by the sexual "free-for-all". Stops teenage pregnancy, disease spreading and minimises divorce (break up of the nuclear family.
        • 4) Economic Stability
          • Keeping the family economically stable EG substantual amounts of food and shelter
    • Parsons (1955)
      • Distinguishes between two types of family structure
        • Nuclear Family
        • Extended
      • Two types of societies
        • Modern industrial - Nuclear
        • Pre-industrial society -Extended
          • Industrial society has 2 main functions - geographically  mobile workforce and socially mobile workforce
            • Modern industrial - Nuclear
      • says: when society industrialises the family changes + loses its functions
        • Due to the loss it performs 2 essential functions: primary socialisation of children and the stabilisation of adult personalities
  • Family performs 4 main functions
    • 3) Primary Socialisation
      • Socialises young children what society values are eg general manner
    • 2) Reproduction of the next generation
      • Without this society could not continue as no new generation will be born
    • 1) Stable satisfaction of the sex drive
      • Prevents the social disruption caused by the sexual "free-for-all". Stops teenage pregnancy, disease spreading and minimises divorce (break up of the nuclear family.
    • 4) Economic Stability
      • Keeping the family economically stable EG substantual amounts of food and shelter

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