Sociology- Functionalist view of Inequality

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  • Functionalist view of Inequality
    • Davis and Moore
      • Society needs the most talented to perform the most skilled jobs- pay accordingly to this
      • Meriotracy means the most able will be allocated the best jobs- their class withh reflect this
      • Examination system will sift and sort people appropriate to jobs
      • Stratification means results will ensure those at the bottom try to better themselves and the bottom maintain their place
    • Parsons
      • Inequality exists on the basis of which roles are agreed to be the most important and therefore functional
      • Agreement of jobs occurs due to the socialisation in the shared norms and values of society
      • Value consensus results is what holds society together and gives it social order
      • Values in society give people common goals such as to work hard
    • Durkheim
      • Industralised society is complex- socities need specialists to undertake the various jobs and roles required to run smoothly
      • Harmony occurs through a division of labour- people have different jobs some of which are of greater power
      • Conflict may occur but would be controlled through socialisation
      • Disharmony might arise when people felt the system wasn't fair
    • Inequalities are functional for society
    • The value consensus means society will be in a state of equilibrium with harmony
    • Inequalities exist in all societies and are inevitable


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