Functionalist perspective of crime and deviance

  • Created by: Lilly
  • Created on: 09-01-14 15:18
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  • Functionalist Perspectives of Crime
    • Durkheim
      • Problem of modernity
        • Pre-industrialised- low crimes, family and religions powerful agencies of socialisation
        • Post-industrial society- high rates, complexity of modern life undermines authority of religion & family- Anomie
      • Explains why people conform not commit
      • Crime has 4 characteristics:
        • Inevitable
        • Universal
        • Relative- definition of normal behaviour changes in each society
        • Functional
          • Punishment enforcement, prevents stagnation, safety vales for big crimes
    • Merton 1949
      • Cause of crime
      • Saw concept of anomie too vague- so developed meaning
        • Anomie- Society where there is a dysfunction between goals & the means of achieving them
      • Cap soc- cultural institutions- socialise individuals into believing that material success if a realistic goal
      • Resources unfairly distributed- RC experience strain between goal & legitimate institutional means- chances of accessing them blocked by RC
      • Unfair distribution- ANOMIE- has 5 different responses (Anomic paradigm)
        • 2 criminal ones- Innovation & Rebellion
      • Influenced Jock Young's theory
    • Hirschi 1969
      • Asks why don't more people commit than they do?
      • 4 bonds of attachment (informal social control)
        • Attachment- care about opions of others
        • Commitment
        • Involvement
        • Belief
    • Macro theory- interested in how soc & institutions determine people's behaviour
    • Structuralist theory
      • Positivist theory- human behaviour shaped by social forces beyond their control


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