Functionalist View Of Beliefs

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  • Created on: 26-01-20 20:09
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  • Functionalist View Of Beliefs
    • Durkheim: Totenism
      • AO1- Explanation
        • Totenism is a sacred object that is worshipped and is a symbol of the group/society, so they are worshipping the society
      • AO2- Evaluation
        • Worley- No sharp division between sacred and profane
        • No longer use religion to enforce solidarity
    • Collective consciousness
      • AO1- Explanation
        • Sacred symbols represent society's collective conscience which is shared norms, values and beliefs. Shared rituals reinforce collective conscience and prevent any damaging social change
      • AO2- Evaluation
        • Social change- rationalisation
    • Malinowski: Life crises
      • AO1- Explanation
        • Religion reinforces norms and values promoting social solidarity and provides explanation for the unexplainable events. Also provides security
      • AO2- Evaluation
        • Secularisation- Religion is out dated, people often look for friends or counsellors
        • Marxists- Idea of the afterlife is used as an opiate (eg, The Hindu Caste System)
    • Parsons: Value and meaning
      • AO1- Explanation
        • Religion provides and underpins core values of ant culture and social norms which regulates behaviour
      • AO2- Evaluation
        • Religion no longer acts as agent of social control. More likely dissuaded from crime due to media or surveillance
    • Bellah: Civil religion
      • AO1- Explanation
        • Sacred qualities are attached to aspects of society without religious rituals and ceremonies but performs similar functions. Religion unifies society even in multi-faith societies, faith in America
      • AO2- Evaluation
        • Not all identify with civil religion (eg, Muslims swear allegiance to Allah)
        • Doesn't always unify (eg, 9/11 and the Boston Bombings were religiously motivated and creates conflict not unity)
        • Religion is a conservative force (Marxists and feminists agree)


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