Functionalist Theory on Crime and Deviance

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  • Functionalist Theory on Crime and Deviance
    • Emile Durkheim
      • He argued that crime has 4 key characteristics
        • Inevitable : means that crime will always exist. It can be reduced but never eliminated
        • Universal : means that crime exists in every society
        • Relative : meansn that what is seen as criminal behaviour varies from society to society, and over tome, in to other words, crime is a social construct
        • Functional means that a limited amount of crime and deviance can actually benefit society because the experience of crime strengths bonds between people
      • When someone is punished for a crime in reinforces norms and values
    • R.K.Merton
      • 5 Different ways to respond to the American Dream
        • Conformity : this is the response of the majority. Meaning School qualifications and trying to achieve through the carer ladder
        • Innovation : Argued that innovation can take illegal and legal forms.
        • Ritualism It is we you give up on the America Dream Eg No longer seeking a pay rise
        • Retreatism When you  give up on the american dream and turn to drink and drugs
        • Rebellion When you replace the american dream. Al-Qaeda fits into this category


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