Durkheim on crime & deviance.

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  • Durkheim on crime and deviance
    • Socialisation + social control
    • The inevitability of crime
      • Functionalists
        • Too much crime = debilitating to society
        • Crime = inevitable + universal
      • Why are C&D found in all societies?
        • Not everyone is equally and affectively socialised into shared norms+values
        • Different groups develop their own subcultures
          • What members of the subculture see as normal may not fit with mainstream idea of norm.
      • Modern societies = normlessness
        • Diversity = collective conscience = weakened
    • Positive functions of crime
      • Boundary maintainace
        • Purpose of punishment
          • reaffirm societies norms and values
          • Reinforce social solidarity
    • Criticism
      • Doesn't explain how much deviance is needed for successful functioning
      • Existence of crime in terms of its supposed function
        • Doesn't means society creates crime in advance with the intention of strengthening social solidarity
      • Ignores how crime affects individuals
  • Courtroom
    • dramatises wrong doings
    • Stigmatises the offender
    • Boundary maintainace
      • Purpose of punishment
        • reaffirm societies norms and values
        • Reinforce social solidarity

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