functionalist theory

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  • functionalism theory
    • structural
      • consensus theory
    • definitions
      • biological analogy
      • social solidarity
      • interrelated
      • aomie
      • equibilbrm
      • value consensus
      • social institutions
      • functions
      • functional prerequisites
      • dysfunctional
      • social order
    • key sociologists
      • Durkheim
        • the establishment and maintenance of social order
        • placed great value on socialising people in to VC or CC
        • people selfish unless the learn to share common values
        • without common values/ corporation society soon fall in to disorder
      • parsons
        • FP
        • if society is to survive in a healthy state 4 FP have to be met by 4 subsystems
        • GAIL MODEL
          • Goal attainment
            • political system
          • Adaptation
            • economy
          • Integration
            • cultural/ community
          • Latency
            • family
      • social change/ evolution
        • occurs when new functions emerge or society needs to adapt
        • slow evolutanry process
        • all parts of society are linked
          • change in one part will result in change elsewhere
        • Parsosn explains thisin terms of SD
      • Merton
        • critical of parsons and his idea that all social institutions perform beneficial positive functions
        • manifest functions
        • Latent functions
    • society as a social system
      • society is a structure of interconnected parts
      • social institutions are analyzed in terms of their contribution
      • draw an analogy between the workings of society and the human body
      • FP basic needs/ requirements that must be met if society is to survive
    • evaluation
      • strengths
        • gives a clear explanation of  the individual to society
        • explains how institutions work in relation to each other
      • weaknesses
        • to much order and consensus tends to ignore conflict
        • it ignores how values may serve to benefit particular groups


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