Functionalism- Gender inequality

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  • Functionalism
    • Criticisms
      • Feminist Ann Oakley
        • Gender roles are socially constructed not biological
      • Human capital theory ignores constraints in society that disadvantage women
      • Not kept pace with changes in gender roles
      • Experiences of middle class people
    • Gender roles based on biological differences
      • Contribute to smooth running of society
    • Women suited to domestic roles and men breadwinners
      • Murdock
        • Womens physique means less able to perform strenuous roles
        • Gender  roles are universal
    • Parsons and Bales
      • Men have an instrumental, practical role
      • Women have an expressive, caring role
    • Human Capital theory
      • Wage gap etc can be explained by the amount capital an individual has
        • Skills and knowledge

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