Functionalism

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  • Functionalism
    • Durkheim
      • Morality- Health depends on strong morality
        • He believes morality sets people free
      • Collective Conscience
        • Shared norms and values makes a stronger society
      • Collective Representation
        • These are the ideas, myths, symbols and role models that bring out our cultural norms
      • Mechanical Solidarity
        • This is a term used to describe early society
      • He thought crime was normal and functional.
        • He blamed anomie for sick socieities
          • Anomie-  people become isolated and badly behaved as they don't bond with the loyalty of their community
      • He looked into the study of suicide to explain the difference in rates between different countries
    • Division of Labour
      • This affects how we get on
        • Early years everybody farmed and had similar lives and experiences
        • In early years society religion was big and there were strict law with severe punishments
      • Organic Solidarity
        • Very different job roles encouraging dependence, moral individualism, restitutive law and a less religious society
          • Moral individualism- judged by your own standards
          • Restitutive Law- where the offender pays for harms caused
    • Criticisms
      • If you study everything with scientific method it isn't realistic
      • There isn't any evidence of the loss of collective conscience-humans were like cave men
      • isn't very relevant to modern society, which is more complicated than Durkheim's time.
    • Family
      • They believe everyone has a role in society
      • A mans role is to be the breadwinner (the worker)
      • The womans role is to be the homemaker (housewife, carer)

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