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  • Freud
    • The model of Consciousness
      • Conscious- we eat when we are hungry
      • Preconscious- dreams memory's
      • Unconscious- you are unaware of these feelings.
    • Psychoanalysis
      • Techniques used to gain access to the unconscious mind
      • Analysis of the mind
    • Structure of the personality
      • Ego- operates on the reality principle- as you become socialised, your ego develops (1-2yrs). The ego maintains balance between the id and the superego by planning & problem solving
      • Id- operates on the pleasure priciple. You are born with a mass of pleasure seeking desires.
      • Superego- the social norms and morals of parents and society are internalised.
    • Ego defence mechanisms
      • These help the ego keep the id and superego balanced.
      • Displacement- redirect feelings towards one object onto another object.
      • Denial- completely reject painful thoughts or feelings
      • Repression- push information out of consciousness. Expressed through dreams or neurotic behaviours
    • The stages of psychosexual development
      • Oral Stage
        • Libido is focused on the mouth.
        • Weaning is the task that must be completed by the parents and the child.
      • Phallic Stage
        • Pleasure is focused on the genitals.
        • The task children must successfully resolve the Oedipus complex.
      • Latency Stage 5yrs to puberty
        • Sexual feelings suppressed to allow children to focus their energy on other aspects of life.
    • Oedipus Complex
      • The young boy experiences an unconscious sexual desire for his mother and sees his father as a rival. He resolves this conflict by identifying with his father.


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