free will and determinsm

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  • Created by: Grace
  • Created on: 08-04-14 09:30
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  • Free Will and Determinism
    • Free Will
      • having the ability to choose
      • Libertarianism
        • we are completely free and nothing is determined in any way
        • cause and effect is irrelevant
          • moral actions are the results of individual character and values being applied to ethical concerns
        • Hume
          • "By liberty, then, we can only mean a power of acting or not acting, according to the determinations of the will; that is, if we choose to remain at rest, we may; if we choose to move along, we may
        • no compulsion to act so every choice is free
          • we are therefore responsible for these acts
    • Determinism
      • laws that exist outside of our control that cause things to happen
      • Hard Determinsm
        • all choices are determined by other events/actions prior to the choice
        • Honderich
          • "all our choices, decisions, intentions,other mental events and our actions are no more than effects of other equally necessitated events"
        • humans make a choice believing it was made with free will but every event has led up to this apparent free choice so it has already been determined
        • v strict and rigid in beliefs
          • we cannot be morally responsible as we were not free to act any differntly
        • Hospers
          • there is always something in us that urges us to make a choice that we believe was the result of free will.
      • Soft Determinism
        • tries to combine hard determinism and libertarianism
        • freedom to act is doing what you want to do without any external interference or coercian
          • our own values, desires, prior choices can determine how we will act in certain situations
            • BUT these causes of our actions are so complex and numerous they are almost completely random
        • Makes us responsible for our actions


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