Free Will and Determinism

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  • Created by: _alf24
  • Created on: 29-10-14 16:14
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  • Free Will and Determinism
    • Hard Determinists
      • Clarence Darrow
        • The Leopold-Loeb case
          • 1924
          • Bobby Franks was killed
          • The murderers were wealthy and bright
          • They confessed as soon as they were presented with the evidence
          • Darrow argued they were not morraly responsible
        • "I know that a pebble cannot be thrown into the ocean without disturbing every drop of water in the sea"
        • "He was not his own father; he was not his own mother; he was not his own grandparent. All of this was handed to him. He did not surround himself with governess and wealth. He did not make himself. And yet he is compelled to pay"
      • Everything is determined, we don't have free choices
      • We cannot be held morally responsible for our actions
      • Murderers murder because they have the wrong genes, poor upbringing or poor parents
      • We can't praise people for good and blame them for bad
    • Soft Determinists
      • Some aspects of human beings are determined but we are morally responsible for our actions
      • Internal and external causes
        • I leave the country because I want a holiday - I leave on my own free will
          • VOLUNTARY - the cause is INTERNAL
        • I leave the country because I am expelled by authorities - I am forced to go
          • INVOLUNTARY - the cause is EXTERNAL
      • Determinism and free will are compatible
    • Libertarians
      • We are free to act and we are morally responsible for our actions
      • Plato
        • "Your destiny shall not be allotted to you, but you shall choose it for yourself"
  • I leave the country because I am expelled by authorities - I am forced to go
    • INVOLUNTARY - the cause is EXTERNAL

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