Lexical Frameworks

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  • Frameworks
    • Lexis
      • Number of syllables
        • Monosyllabic = 1 syllable
        • Polysyllabic = More than one syllable
      • Does the text use old-fashioned or newer words?
        • Archaic words = Old-fashioned words
        • Neologisms = new words
      • Does the text use slang or jargon?
        • Jargon = technical words
      • Does the text use colloquilaisms or taboo terms?
        • Colloquialisms = Informal words used in everyday speech
        • Taboo = 'forbidden' by a particular culture or in some social groups and social categories
    • Grammar
      • Syntax - structure of sentences
        • Noun, adjecrive, adverb, prepreposition, conjunction, determiners pronouns
      • Morphology = structure of words
      • Simple, compound, complex, minor  sentences
      • Sentence functions
        • Exclamations
        • Interrogatives
        • Imperatives
        • Declaratives
    • Discourse structure
      • How does the text start?
      • What is the sequence of sections involved in the middle?
      • How does it finish?
      • Are there key words, phrases or other featires which are being used tp help the shaping of the text? These are discourse markers
    • Graphology
      • Shape and layout of text
      • Typography
      • Context
      • Genre and genre convention
      • Photography and art work
      • Images - iconic signs and symbollic signs
      • Space
    • Phonology
      • Syllable
      • Phoneme = Smallest unit of sound
      • Eye dialect = Writing phonetically to simulate an accent
      • Grapheme = Snallest unit of a writing system
        • Mascluline rhyme = one syllable rhymes
          • Feminine rhyme = two syllables rhyme
    • Semantics
      • Denotation v Connotation
      • Synonyms v Antonyms
      • Semantic fields
      • Hypernyms v hyponyms
        • Hypernyms = general words for something e.g furniture
        • Hyponyms = more specific words e.g. chair, bed
      • Euphemisms v Dysphemisms
        • Dysphemisms = Allow us to say what we mean very bluntly e.g. "You're fired!"
        • Euphemisms = avoiding stating exatly what you mean e.g. "we're releasing you"
      • Figurative language

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