forms of representations

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  • Forms of Representation in the UK
    • Constituencies
      • -It is a cornerstone and acknowledged strength of representative democracy in the UK that every elected representative should have a constituency to which they are accountable and whose interests they should pursue
      • It ensures that individuals in the constituency have their grievances heard.
        • These grievances of the constituency should be given a hearing in a representative assembly and that a representative is frequently held accountable to their constituency.
    • Parties
      • Plays a central role in UK specifically
      • First,  a candidate's party tells a lot about their beliefs and most representatives hold the same beliefs- therefore more united bodies
      • Secondly, it is usually that one single party governs the UK
        • Exception of 2010 and 15 election
    • Mandate and manifesto
      • Successful representation in the UK depends on this doctrine
      • This statement of policy is followed by the members of the party.
      • If a party wins power, it is said to have a mandate to carry out all the policies contained in the manifesto. It is granted the democratic authority
        • Even with just 50%, a party can have a mandate
      • A great strength of this doctrine is that everyone knows where they stand; they know which policies have democratic mandate and which do not. Furthermore, it provides insight and allows accountability after term
    • Government representation
      • The people as a whole are meant to represented by the government
      • Government should present all of the nation
    • Pressure groups
      • 1.) They may behave  like political parties in that they may have formal memberships and clear supporting groups and represent their memberships by pushing policies that will benefit them.
        • AA
        • Farmer's union
      • 2.)Some pressure groups do not have formal memberships. They may represent a section of society but do not have the direct means of determining what demands there are. They represent different groups but not directly.
        • Stonewall, Age UK
      • 3.) Pressure groups are engaged in causal representation. Here they represent a set of beliefs, principles or demands which they believe will benefit the whole community. They are promotional groups rather than  sectional groups
        • FoE
        • Action on smoking

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