formation of relationship

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  • Created by: sharlene
  • Created on: 25-11-12 15:35
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    • Reward/Need Satisfaction Theory (Byrne and Clore 1970)
      • Rewards (positive feeling) and punishments (negative feeling)
        • Operant conditioning- directly associated with reinforcement.e.g. the person creates positive feelings in us
      • Attraction through association
        • Classical    conditioning association with pleasant event. e.g. meeting someone on holiday, more likely to develop attraction
      • Support of reward from Grifitt and Guay (1969)
        • participants were evaluated on a creative task by experimenter then asked to rate how much they like experimenter      highest when positively evaluated the  task.
      • Support of need satisfaction from Sheldon et al (2011)
        • Facebook feeling of connected (positive) satisfies their  relationship needs. Disconnected people may lack need satisfaction through face-to-face relationships
      • Physiological support from Aron et al (2005)
        • Intense romantic love was associated with elevated levels of activity in subcortial reward regions of the brain
      • Cate et al (337 individuals) reward level was superior in determining relationship satisfact5ion
      • Hays  (1985) found that we gain satisfaction from giving as well as receiving
    • Similarity (Byrne, Clore and Smeation, 1986)
      • Personality
        • Berscheid and Reis 1998 people are more likely to be attracted to complementary traits
        • Caspi and Herbener (1990) married couples w/ similar personality tend to be happier than couples with less similar personalities
      • Attitudes
        • Research shows that 'attitude alignment' often occurs to modify their attitudes to become more similar
      • Rosenbaum (1986)  dissimilarity was important factor. Dissimilarity repulsion hypothesis
        • Drigotas (1993) in USA
        • Singh and Tan (1992) Singapore
          • More dissimilarity, Less attraction
            • Drigotas (1993) in USA
      • Yoshida (1972) only very narrow view of factors important
      • Condon and Crano (1988)
        • We assume that people similar to us will like us too
        • share attitudes and beliefs is rewarding
    • Mundane realism as carried out in laboratory studies, however real life support claims
    • evolutionary explanatio
    • Cultural bias Lot suggests that women are more focused on needs than  receiving reinfrcement
    • Lehr and Gehr (2006) 24 males and 32 female tet importance


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