formation of romantic relationships

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  • Formation of romantic relationships
    • reward/need satisfaction theory(byrne and cloe,1970)
      • mutual attraction occurs when each partner meets the other persons needs. one person might have the need for financial security whilst the other craves love.
      • rewards and punishment- operant conditioning. we enter relationships because the presence of some people is directly associated with reinforcement.
      • attraction through association- we like people who we share a pleasant experience with.
      • research support- griffit and guay- investigator, pp rate them. facebook- Sheldon. physiological support- aron- strong activity in some parts of the brain.
        • how important are rewards? cate et al. mundane realism- lab studies
    • similarity (Byrne,Clore and Smeaton, 1986)
      • 2 stages in formation- sort potential partners for dissimilarity, then those remaining are likely to be like themselves.
        • personality: people are more likely to be attracted to others who have similar personality traits.
        • attitudes:research suggests attitude alignment often occurs, with partners modyifying their attitudes so they become more similar.
        • A02- similarity or dissimilarity? rosenbaum. limitations- other factors are more important. why is similarity so important?
    • IDA- cultural bias- women focus on the needs of others (lott). an evolutionary explanation- Aron- love at first sight.


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