Formation of relationships

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  • Formation of relationships
    • Filter Model - Kerchoff and Davies
      • 1.. Social and Demographic variables /  2. Similarities of values and atttitudes. / 3. complimentarity of beliefs
        • AO2
          • Kerchoff and Davies - longitudinal study of those who had been together for more OR less than 18 mths. Found importance of attitude similarity - up to 12 mnths / psychological compatibility - after 18 mnths
          • Deterministic  reductionist - suggests that all romantic relationships are made through linear stages
          • Matching hypothesis a better alternative??? - better for homosexuality and not gender spec.
          • Berschiend and Ries - men and women are more attracted to people who have same personality traits/attitudes eg party animal
            • Caspi + Herbener - married couples with similar personalities tended to be happier
          • Cultural bias  - western societies
          • Sprecher et al -lCouples who matched on physical attractiveness, social background and interests  more likely to develop a long-term relationship (supports similarity of attitudes and values)
      • Throughout this process you filter out those who you do not like and you find your 'field of variables'
    • Reward Need Theory
      • Classical - assosiation     Operant - learning with rewards
        • if experiencing + feelings. when w someone, there will be more of a chance that you will want to see them again.
          • now assosiate these feelings w that person and now engage behaviours that produce these feelings
        • A02
          • Griffitt + Guay  - partic who evaluated on a creative task by experimenter. then asked to rate how much they liked experimenter. - rate highest when experimenter had + evaluated them
          • Aron et al - partic who measured high on self report questionaire about romantic love also showed strong activity in areas of brain like ventral tengmental
          • Cate et al - 337 individ to assess their current relationship in terms on reward level & satisfaction. - showed that reward level was far superior in determining relationship satisfaction.
            • Hay - not just about rewards - people also enjoy giving.


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