Forensic Psychology first 3 topics

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  • Forensic Psychology
    • Offender Profiling
      • Typology - FBI (USA)
        • Classifies offenders as either;
          • Disorganised: No planning, victim known, no restraints, body in open view - below average intelligence, socially inadequate, lives alone
          • Organised: Planning, victim is stranger, use of restraints, body hidden - average/high intelligence, socially competent, living with partner
      • Geographical - (UK
        • Approached by looking at the location of crimes and inferring a base location of offending
          • Canter looked at the case of the 'Railway rapist' and determined suspects through geographical profiling.
    • Measuring Crime
      • Official statistics
        • Produced by the home office, only account for crimes that are reported and recorded (about 25%)
      • Victim Surveys
        • BCS survey conducted every 2 years on people ages 16-24 asking about crime encountered and fear of crime.
      • Offender self report
        • Focusing on those who have previously offended and who are at risk. Age 10-25 are interviewed about anti-social behaviour. Sample is about 5000.
    • Problems in defining crime
      • Age: - A 3 year old theft x= teen theft. - Focused around level of understanding - Age of criminal responsibility is 10 y.o.
      • Culture - Crime in one culture is not a crime in other cultures - society decides what is acceptable behaviour - in some ethnic minorities forced marriage is acceptable (not in UK)
  • Canter looked at the case of the 'Railway rapist' and determined suspects through geographical profiling.

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