Foreign Policy 1951-1964

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  • Foreign Policy 1951 - 1964
    • Role of Individuals
      • Eden hated Nasser
        • Suez Crisis 1956
          • international embarrassment
          • strengthened relationship with USA
            • 1958 USA/UK share information
      • DeGaulle
        • didn't want another cockerel in the EU
          • suspicious of UK/USA relationship
    • Missed Opportunity
      • ECSC 1951
      • Treaty of Rome
        • EEC formed 1957; 'the six'
      • EFTA created by UK 1959; 'the outer seven'
      • 1973 joined EEC with Denmark & Eire; 'the nine'
      • failed to join 1961 & 1966 due to DeGaulle
      • 1950s boom in W. EU economies; 2x UK growth
    • Economic & Military Overstretch
      • Cold War / nuclear
        • Blue Streak cost £84m in 1960
      • empire wars were costly
      • 1958 £1554m on defence in UK; France £1180m & W. Germany £529m
        • UK spent 3x more on defence than education
      • damage post WWII
        • limited spending on empire
        • £454m debt
    • Rise of Nationalism in Empire
      • Colonial Wars
        • 1948-60 Malaya
        • 1952-60 Mau Mau in Kenya
        • 1955 EOKA in Cyprus
      • India & Pakistan 1947
      • Ghana 1957
      • Iain McLeod 1959-1961
        • Tanzania
        • Kuwait
        • British Cameroon
        • British Somaliland
        • Sierra Leone
        • Nigeria
    • Sandys Report 1957
      • army reduced from 700,000 to 375,000
      • end national service (1948-1960)
      • concentrate on nuclear power
        • 1952 atomic bomb
        • 1957 hydrogen bomb
        • 1958 CND & Aldermaston - 8,000 march
      • end of the empire post-Suez decline
    • NATO & UN
      • NATO formed in 1949
      • UK 1/5 permanent members on UN security council

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