GCSE Geography AQA A water on the land: flooding in an MEDC Cockermouth

View mindmap
  • Flooding in Cockermouth MEDC
    • Where?
      • Cockermouth is a small market town in Cumbria.
      • It is 13km from the coast and is on the western side of the lake district.
      • Cockermouth is found at the confluence of the River Derwent and the River Cocker.
      • 19th November 2009
    • Why?
      • The highest ever recorded amount of rain in the UK fell in 24 hours on the hills of the lake district.
      • The ground was already really saturated due to a wet Autumn.
      • As Cockermouth is at the confluence of 2 rivers, the sheer volume of water overwhelmed the channels and the rivers burst their banks.
      • A conveyor of warm, moist air rose over the Cumbrian mountains, cooled and condensed causing heavy rain to fall for 34 hours over the mountains - this is relief rain.
    • Impacts
      • Floods as high as 2.5m soared down the streets.
      • A policeman died as the bridge he was on collapsed.
      • over 1300 people were directly affected and many others lost power.
      • Emergency services had to rescue people trapped in their homes.
      • The Northern part of the town was completely cut off with no services.
      • Farmers suffered greatly as livestock were killed, pastures became useless and farm buildings damaged.
      • Insurance companies expected the damage to be in excess of over £100m
    • Responses
      • All 1800 bridges in Cumbria were safety checked before use.
      • Most residents homes were flooded with up to 6ft of muddy water and required temporary accomodation
      • Flooded buildings were assessed before the owners could re-enter.
      • After the flood the main focus was on search and rescue. 200 people had to be airlifted from their houses by RAF helicopters.
      • Most roads were so badly damaged they need re-surfacing.


No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Water and rivers resources »