GCSE Geography AQA A water on the land: flooding in an LEDC Bangladesh

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  • Flooding in an LEDC: Bangladesh
    • Effects
      • The 2004 floods occurred from July to September, flooding over half of the country at their peak.
      • By July, 40% of Dhaka was underwater and 60% of the country was submerged.
      • 600 deaths were reported in the 1st month which rose to 750 due to the spread of disease such as diarrhoea.
      • 30 million were left homeless and 100,000 suffered from diarrhoea as the floods continued.
      • Bangladesh experienced the heaviest rainfall in 50 years with 35cm falling in 1 day.
      • Roads, railways and bridges were destroyed hindering relied efforts.
      • 800.000 hectares of important agricultural land was destroyed leaving many poor and hungry.
      • The damage to schools and hospitals was $7bn
      • Important cash crops such as rice and Jute were devastated resulting in economic problems.
    • Responses
      • The Government worked with non- governmental organisations to provide emergency relief.
      • In July, the UN activated a disaster management team to co-ordinate the appeal.
      • The UN supplied critical emergency supplies.
      • Financial aid was granted for a period of 5 years.
      • The loan was mainly supplied by the World Bank for repairs for infrastructure, water resource and education.
      • A flood action plan is in place of Bangladesh however hasn't been completely successful.


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