Fitness and Blood pressure

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  • Fitness and Blood Pressure
    • Being fit is not the same as being healthy!
      • Fitness
        • Is a measure of how well a task is performed.
      • Healthy
        • Being free from any infections or diseases.
      • Stamina is a good indication of cv efficiency
    • Blood is pumped around the body!
      • The blood is pumped around the body by the contractions of the heart.
        • These contractions increase the pressure of the blood
      • The blood leaves the heart and flows through the arteries
        • These split into thousands of tiny capillaries, which take blood to every cell in the body.
        • The blood then flows back to the heart through the veins.
        • The pressure gets lower as the blood flows through the system.
      • The blood pressure is at its highest when the heart contracts.
        • When the heart relaxes, the pressure is at its lowest.
      • Blood pressure is measured in mm of mercury (mmHg)
      • In a healthy person it shouldn't be higher then about 135 (systolic) and over about 85 (diastolic)
      • There are other factors (apart from your heart contracting) that can increase your blood pressure!
        • Smoking
        • Being overweight
        • Drinking too much alcohol
        • Being under stress
    • High or Low blood pressure can cause health problems
      • 1) If the pressure of the blood is too high it can cause blood vessels to burst, and this can lead to...
        • Strokes
        • Brain damage
        • Kidney damage
      • 2) High blood pressure can be decreased by lifestyles change...
        • Eating a balanced diet
        • Doing regular exercise
        • If extreme, drugs can even be used to help
      • 3) Low blood pressure is much less common than high blood pressure, but it can also cause problems.
        • poor circulation
        • tissues don't get all the food and oxygen
        • Untitled


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