First way

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  • First Way
    • Everything that is moving or changing is moved or changed by something outside itself.
    • The instigator of the motion or change in a thing is also changing or in motion
    • There must be an independent mover of everything else.
      • The unmoved mover.
    • This process cannot go back infinitely, since there would then be 'no first mover'.
      • Therefore there must be a first mover, independent of anything else.
        • This is what everyone understands to be God.
    • Motion or state of change
      • eg: people growing, wood burning.
        • things achieving their potential
          • external influence
            • Nothing can move or change itself
              • Wood burns because fire is applied
    • If everything was a secondary mover, there would be an infinite regress of movers
      • The infinite train
      • if this was true there would be no prime mover and hence no subsequent movers but this is false.
    • Motion is not just about going from one place to another but a change in quality
      • eg: caterpillar into a butterfly.
        • All things have potentiality except God who has full actuality.
    • Way 1 is clearly based on Aristotle, although there are differences (Aquinas's) idea of God is a God who creates the universe, who is involved in the universe.
  • 'It is certain, and evident to our senses.' - AQUINAS
    • This process cannot go back infinitely, since there would then be 'no first mover'.
      • Therefore there must be a first mover, independent of anything else.
        • This is what everyone understands to be God.
    • In order for things to change it requires actuality

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