Findings (Cognitive Approach)

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  • Findings
    • Loftus and Palmer
      • Experiment 1
        • Smashed: 40.8
        • Collided: 39.3
        • Bumped: 38.1
        • Hit: 34.0
        • Collided: 31.8
      • Experiment 2
        • Mean estimates of speed
          • Hit: 8.00
          • Smashed: 10.46
        • Broken glass
          • Smashed: 16
          • Hit: 7
          • Control: 6
        • 121/150 saw no broken glass
    • Baron- Cohen
      • Eyes Task     (QUANT)
        • Normal: 20.3
        • Autistic: 16.3
        • Tourettes: 20.4
      • Happe's strange stories (QUANT)
        • Tourettes: 100%
        • Autistic: significantly impaired
      • Clinically normal group (QUAL)
        • Females performed significantly better than males
      • No significant correlation between IQ and performance on the Eye task within the Autistic group (QUAL)
    • Savage- Rumbaugh
      • Kanzi produced a total of 2,540 non- imitative word combinations
        • 265 prompted
      • Kanzi acquired 46 words such as 'melon, tickle' Mulika acquired words such as 'hamburger, M&M
      • 15% of words were imitated and 80% spontaneous
      • Kanzi and Mulika could differentiate between objects such as 'coke and juice' whereas Sherman and Austin used more general categories such as 'food'
  • Eyes Task     (QUANT)
    • Normal: 20.3
    • Autistic: 16.3
    • Tourettes: 20.4

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