Fibres

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  • Fibres
    • Extrusion
      • The process in which fibres are made by melting polymers and forcing them through a spinneret to produce filament fibres
      • Spinneret
        • Liquid polymers are put into the top and come out as filament fibres
          • Polymer
            • Lots of monomers joined together in a long chain
            • The process in which fibres are made by melting polymers and forcing them through a spinneret to produce filament fibres
          • Filament
            • Long fibres (mostly synthetic and regenerated, but can be cut up into staple)
              • Staple
                • Short fibres (mostly natural, except silk)
              • Synthetic Fibres
                • Fibres which come from chemical (oil, coal, petrochemicals)
                • Regenerated Fibres
                  • Fibres which come from chemicals (oil, coal, petrochemicals) and are mixed with cellulose (from plants)
            • Yarn
              • Many fibres twisted and stretched together
    • Can be different lengths
      • Filament
        • Long fibres (mostly synthetic and regenerated, but can be cut up into staple)
          • Staple
            • Short fibres (mostly natural, except silk)
          • Synthetic Fibres
            • Fibres which come from chemical (oil, coal, petrochemicals)
            • Regenerated Fibres
              • Fibres which come from chemicals (oil, coal, petrochemicals) and are mixed with cellulose (from plants)
        • Yarn
          • Many fibres twisted and stretched together
    • Either natural or synthetic
      • Natural Fibres
        • Fibres which come from animals and plants
    • A hair like structure, which can be woven, knitted, felted or bonded together to create fabric

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