Fibres and Fabrics 4

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  • Fibres and Fabrics 4
  • Smart Fabrics-one that will change state through the effect of heat or light but can revert back to original state
  • Thermochromic- change with heat
  • Photochromic- change with UV light
  • Modern Fibres-  made for a specific use. nano fibres, antibacterial, electro textile, heat control
  • Smart Materials- fastskin and stomatex
  • Modern Materials- Gore-Tex, Kevlar, Nomex
  • Microfibres- fine synthetic fibres (polyester). Light weight, soft and drape well. Blended with natural fibres for outdoor  and sport use
  • Tencel- regenerated fibre. Can be used on its own or blended. Bio-degradable.
  • Laminated Fibres- Gore-tex and simplex are membrane systems to prevent water and wind getting in but perspiration to escape. Outdoor clothing
  • Fabric Finishes- cancel out disadvantages of fabric. Cost a lot of money. Make fabric: easier to care for, reduce shrinking, creasing, fire safety, comfort, warmth, prevent stains
  • Non- woven fabrics- not been spun into a yarn
  • Felting- wool fibres matt together using heat. wool felt is expensive
  • Needlefelts- synthetic fibres like acrylic. matted together by machine. Barbed needles tangle the fibres
  • Bonded- webs of fibre
  • solvent, adhesive or thermal bonding
  • cheap to manufacture, no grain, don't fray.
  • Not as strong as woven or knitted fabrics
  • bad drape. used for interfacing


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