CARBON - Fossil Fuel Alternatives - Wind and CCS

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  • FF alternatives
    • WIND POWER
      • Rampion offshore windfarm, Worthing, West Sussex. developed by EON - 116 turbines, 80m tall, 55m long blades.
      • Cheaper and more reliable/safe than gas and nuclear
      • 27 fully-functioning farms in the UK - 8651 turbines
      • in 2015 11% of UKs energy was WIND.
      • The UK is the 6th largest producer. CHINA is 1st.
      • 347,000 homes energised
      • offshore, works better.
      • easy to integrate in national grid.
      • wind is variable, offshore is expensive, aesthetics, accounts for 1% of overall energy.
    • CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE
      • can reduce co2 emissions associated with fossil fuels.
      • DISADV'S: Cannot be placed anywhere (space needed). Lots of knowledge is needed, challenges with engineering. Could be a BIG leak
      • removes co2 from atmosphere (negative feedback)
      • constant research is being conducted
      • There are already subsurface reservoirs in ALGERIA and NORWAY.
    • REDUCED CONSUMTION/ IMPROVED EFFICIENCY
      • increase in prices of goods such as steel
      • Improving car efficiency
      • uses less new materials
      • keeps buildings for longer - reuse the frame
      • insulated houses and car sharing.
    • SOLAR, HYDRO, BIOFUELS, NUCLEAR
      • Space, technology cost, policy changes
      • Lots of research
      • reduces CO2
      • renewable
      • less energy used without loss of services

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