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  • Created by: Emma
  • Created on: 02-04-15 18:52
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  • Feuerbach
    • Then man said "Let us make godkind in our image, according to our likeness"
      • Humans have created God in their image according to their desires and fears
    • Consciousness
      • All we can be certain of is our consciousness
        • Descartes
      • It sets us apart from other life forms
      • Beliefs emerge from consciousness
    • Dependence on Nature
      • We depend on nature for food, protection and love
      • We try to explain our dependence using religion
      • Religion grew from human sensual experience of nature
      • We overcome our dependence on nature by representing it in symbolic terms (gods)
        • Symbols are made into abstract objects such as infinite, transcendent God
      • God is not necessary for our existence but is a symbol for what we need
        • His attributes are a projection of human desires
      • Religious feeling of dependence is the "self-feeling feeling"
    • Alienation
      • We are alienated from humanity by projecting it on God
      • We are alienated from our dependence on nature through the illusion of God
      • Humans are predicated on God so are useless alone
        • If we see ourselves as predicates, we lose our freedom to act for ourselves
    • What do we do about it?!
      • Reject God and religion to live in conjuction with nature
        • Secular religion beginning and ending with natural world (humans)
          • Will allow humans to work with nature and be liberated from dependence on it
        • Existential liberation
          • Proper understanding of religion is anthropological - "God is a word the sole meaning of which is man"
            • Ontological status of God must be exposed as error about existential meaning - humans are liberated to rediscover sensual place in world
        • Self-love and reversal
          • Begin by questioning nature of God's existence and not his ontology
          • Christ is sensual expression of human self-love
            • Christianity offers state of love and blessedness which were falsely objectified in theism
    • Evaluation
      • Post Enlightenment - suspicious of religions lacking rational objectivity
        • Religion still plays important role in understanding human consciousness
        • Reductionist - explains characteristic in terms of human consciousness
        • Essentialist - says what religions are
        • Religious orientation is an illusion and unhealthy as it alienates and deprives the believer from true autonomy, virtue and community


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