Re: matters of life

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  • Fertility Treatment
    • IVF
      • Arguements against Fertilty Treatment
        • Not natural so against God and the 'wrong people' could become parents
        • Scientists take on role as creator, playing God
        • Christians: "Hannah had no children... the Lord has closed her womb"
        • Arguements for  Fertility Treatment
          • God has given human the intelligence to invent fertility treatment
          • Compassion- everybody has right to a child
          • Surrogacy: woman's eggs fertilized artificially by another woman's partner
            • AIH (Artificial Insemination by Husband)
              • When a woman is made pregnant by the sperm of her husband, but not through having sexual relations with him.
            • AID (Artificial Insemination by Donor)
              • When a wonam is made pregnant by the sperm of a man other that her partner, but not through having sexual relations with him.
              • AI involves masturbation, Catholics forbid this as it is 'spilling the seed' that could produce life
              • AIH (Artificial Insemination by Husband)
                • When a woman is made pregnant by the sperm of her husband, but not through having sexual relations with him.
              • Arguments against AID
                • The donor is a stranger
                • Inserting sperm from someone other than the woman's husband could be seen as adultery
                • Allows and unmarried woman to have and bring up a child
                • Allows a gay couple to have and bring up a child.
                • child may be upset if they find out their genetic father (donor) is different from the father that brought them up
                • Donor may be unhappy that his identity may be revealed to his genetic children
        • Buddhists: Two of the four Precepts: "In life we will suffer and we must accept this" "The cause of suffering is desire, this is to be abandoned"
    • Surrogacy: woman's eggs fertilized artificially by another woman's partner
      • AID (Artificial Insemination by Donor)
        • When a wonam is made pregnant by the sperm of a man other that her partner, but not through having sexual relations with him.
        • AI involves masturbation, Catholics forbid this as it is 'spilling the seed' that could produce life
        • Arguments against AID
          • The donor is a stranger
          • Inserting sperm from someone other than the woman's husband could be seen as adultery
          • Allows and unmarried woman to have and bring up a child
          • Allows a gay couple to have and bring up a child.
          • child may be upset if they find out their genetic father (donor) is different from the father that brought them up
          • Donor may be unhappy that his identity may be revealed to his genetic children
    • Matters of Life
      • Transplant surgery and blood transfusions
        • Transplant surgery: when someones else's organs are put into a patient
        • Blood transfusion: when a patient is given extra blood as part of an operation.
        • Kidneys and bone marrow can be given by live donors
        • Arguments for being a donor
          • Compassion (Metta and Karuna) : to 'help someone live after their death'
          • To give someone a good qauilty of life for a patient
          • They believe in the sanctity and value of life
          • Right Intention
          • Good karma
        • Argument against being a donor
          • Some people don't want to be buried or cremated 'incomplete'
          • some poeple want to be complete of they have an open-casket funeral
        • Arguments against blood transfusions
          • Jehovah Witnesses believe their life is carried in their blood so they cant have anybody else's blood
            • "For the life of a creature is in its blood"
      • Sanctity of life: Life is sacred because it is God given Value of life: the value of a person over and above a physical value Quality of life: a measure of fulfilment
      • Human Genetic Engineering
        • Human Genetic Engineering: the modificarion of gene make-up to change th features of a human
        • Embryology: the study of human embryos
        • Embryo: fertilized ovum at about 12-14 days when implanted into the wall of a womb
        • Designer babies: babies with gender and characteristics chosen by their parent, which us illegal
        • Saviour siblings: a sibling, genetically compatible with a sick child is implanted and born to use stem cells to treat the sick child
          • Stem cell: a cell whose role in the body is yet to be determined
  • Arguements against Fertilty Treatment
    • Not natural so against God and the 'wrong people' could become parents
    • Scientists take on role as creator, playing God
    • Christians: "Hannah had no children... the Lord has closed her womb"
    • Arguements for  Fertility Treatment
      • God has given human the intelligence to invent fertility treatment
      • Compassion- everybody has right to a child
    • Buddhists: Two of the four Precepts: "In life we will suffer and we must accept this" "The cause of suffering is desire, this is to be abandoned"
  • Arguments against human genetic engineering
    • Scientists take on the role of God as creator
    • Catholics believe life begins at conception so the disposal of unused embryos would be seen as murder
      • Goes against the 6th commandment: 'You shall not murder'
    • Human Genetic Engineering
      • Human Genetic Engineering: the modificarion of gene make-up to change th features of a human
      • Embryology: the study of human embryos
      • Embryo: fertilized ovum at about 12-14 days when implanted into the wall of a womb
      • Designer babies: babies with gender and characteristics chosen by their parent, which us illegal
      • Saviour siblings: a sibling, genetically compatible with a sick child is implanted and born to use stem cells to treat the sick child
        • Stem cell: a cell whose role in the body is yet to be determined
    • Goes against first precept: 'I will not harm any living thing
  • Unused embryos: Buddhists believe an embryo doesn't possess the five Skhandhas
    • Arguments for human genetic engineering
      • Christians: helping others/ eradicating disease is loving and creates a better quality of life.
      • Matters of Life
        • Transplant surgery and blood transfusions
          • Transplant surgery: when someones else's organs are put into a patient
          • Blood transfusion: when a patient is given extra blood as part of an operation.
          • Kidneys and bone marrow can be given by live donors
          • Arguments for being a donor
            • Compassion (Metta and Karuna) : to 'help someone live after their death'
            • To give someone a good qauilty of life for a patient
            • They believe in the sanctity and value of life
            • Right Intention
            • Good karma
          • Argument against being a donor
            • Some people don't want to be buried or cremated 'incomplete'
            • some poeple want to be complete of they have an open-casket funeral
          • Arguments against blood transfusions
            • Jehovah Witnesses believe their life is carried in their blood so they cant have anybody else's blood
              • "For the life of a creature is in its blood"
        • Sanctity of life: Life is sacred because it is God given Value of life: the value of a person over and above a physical value Quality of life: a measure of fulfilment
      • God gave human the intelligence to do this
  • Cloning:  animals or plants are created that have identical genes as the original, because the DNA of the original is used
    • Reproductive cloning: The creation of an identical copy of an orgaism
    • Therapeutic cloning (stem-cell cloning): clone biological material to make embryos from which stem cells can be taken and be used in reasearch to find treatments for diseases (embryos must be destroyed after 14 days)
    • The law: leading therapeutic cloning to reproductive cloning is illegal, laboratories involved in cloning are carefully licensed.
  • Arguments for cloning
    • Metta and karuna, its compassionate and improves peoples quality of life
    • People have the right to choose, free will is God-given
    • God inspires people to develop new technology to benefit mankind
  • Right intention, loving : helps embryonic research , helping sick people
    • Arguments for cloning
      • Metta and karuna, its compassionate and improves peoples quality of life
      • People have the right to choose, free will is God-given
      • God inspires people to develop new technology to benefit mankind
    • Cloning:  animals or plants are created that have identical genes as the original, because the DNA of the original is used
      • Reproductive cloning: The creation of an identical copy of an orgaism
      • Therapeutic cloning (stem-cell cloning): clone biological material to make embryos from which stem cells can be taken and be used in reasearch to find treatments for diseases (embryos must be destroyed after 14 days)
      • The law: leading therapeutic cloning to reproductive cloning is illegal, laboratories involved in cloning are carefully licensed.
  • Arguments against cloning
    • it means unused embryos are disposed, disobeys 6th commandment
    • a cloned person may not have a soul
    • its against nature and the way we were created by God
    • reproductive cloning affects a person identity and position in the family
    • encourages scientists to make further advances that are unacceptable
  • disposal of unused embryos breaks 6th commandment for catholics
    • Arguments against human-animal hybrids
      • its against  nature and the will of God
      • Human- animal hybrids and experimentation
        • Human experimentation: testing products, using medicines, on paid human volunteers
        • Human-animal hybrid embryo: an embryo made from human DNA and animal eggs for purposes of experimentation
        • Human experimentation
          • Not using animal testing
          • drugs may be unsafe for humans

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