Feminism

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  • Created by: Moesha16
  • Created on: 02-06-18 15:09
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  • Feminism
    • Liberal
      • Equal rights + reformism (gradual change)
        • Oakley distinguishes between sex * gender (cultural constructed differences)
          • Sexist attitudes gender transmitted through socialisation
            • Fail recognize underlying structures e.g. capitalism
          • Challenge parsons division of labour
        • Change society's socialization patterns = gender equality
    • Radical
      • Patriarchy oppresses women (universal society)
        • Firestone: bio capacity to bear infants = origins patriarchy
          • Separatism: matriarchal households
            • Political lesbianism: Hetreo relationships oppressive 'sleeping with enemy' but lesbianism non-oppressive
            • Circular argument e.g. MV explained as P maintained through MV
      • Personal relationships involve power therefore its political because men dominate women through them e.g. fear of ****
        • Patriarchy constructs sexuality to satisfy men's desires e.g. Women in **** are passive sex objects
    • Marxist
      • Womens subordination performs functions for capitalism
        • Ansley - takers of ****
          • Doesn't explain capitalism in non-capitalist society
            • Doesn't explain why men can't perform unpaid domestic labour
        • Cheap, explotable labour force (paid less)
        • Reserve army of labour (expendable)
        • Reproduce labour force (unpaid domestic labour)
        • Barrett: Ideology of familiasm
          • §  familism presents the nuclear family and its sexual division of labour as natural and normal and helps to keep women subordinated
          • Give more emphasis to women consciousness
            • Overthrow capitalism + ideology = liberation
              • §  familism presents the nuclear family and its sexual division of labour as natural and normal and helps to keep women subordinated
    • Difference
      • Feminist theory claimed 'false universality' - only about exp. of white hetero mc women
        • Blacks - fam source resistance against racism
          • Essentialism - all women share same exp.
      • Poststructuralist feminism
        • Concerned with discourse + power/knowledge
          • Discourse allows us define others e.g. childbirth empowers doctors
        • Enlightenment Project legitimated domination by white mc males
          • False claims represent universal womanhood
            • No essence for what it means to be women bc identities made of diff. discourses
          • All women faced with patriarchy
            • Allows us to reveal how discourse subordinate women
              • Legitimates diversity of struggles
            • Highlighting differences can be negative

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