Female Infertility

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  • Female Infertility
    • Causes
      • OVULATION DISORDERS
        • poly-cystic ovary syndrome, thyroid problems, premature ovarian failure
      • damaged Fallopian tubes or womb/blocked Fallopian tubes
      • anorexia or obesity
      • hormonal imbalance
      • thick cervical mucus
      • sterilisation
      • age
      • drug use/radiotherapy
      • LIFESTYLE
        • excessive alcohol
        • smoking
        • poor diet and lack of vitamins
    • Diagnosis
      • BLOOD TEST
        • sample of blood is tested for progesterone (a hormone), to check if ovulating and ability to become pregnant
      • ULTRASOUND
        • to examine the structure and function of the ovaries and womb
      • HYSTERO-SALPINGOGRAM
        • x-ray is taken of the womb and Fallopian tubes after a dye has been injected, to detect any blockages
      • CHLAMYDIA TEST
        • a swab is used to collect cells from the cervix
      • LAPAROSCOPY
        • a small cut is made in the abdomen, the abdomen is pumped up with gas and a laparascope is inserted to look closely at the womb oviducts and ovaries; a dye may be injected to detect any blockages
    • Treatment
      • HORMONE THERAPY
        • taking drugs to balance hormone levels (oestrogen and progesterone)
        • Clomid stimulates ovulation
      • GIFT
        • sperm and eggs are mixed together and put into uterus
      • ZIFT
        • eggs are placed into the Fallopian tubes
      • surgery to repair the Fallopian tubes
      • WOMB IMPLANTATION
        • a more developed embryo is implanted into the uterus
      • IVF
        • medication is given to produce more eggs, and the eggs are removed from the ovaries and fertilised with the sperm in a lab dish, then put into woman's body
      • LIFESTYLE CHANGES
        • stop smoking
        • regular exercise
        • drink less alcohol
        • maintain a healthy weight
        • balanced diet
    • Lifestyle Effects
      • embarrassment, frustration
      • stress, low self-esteem, depression, anxiety
      • drug side effects
      • financial strain
      • time off work
      • strain on social and romantic relationships

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