Federalism under Bush

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  • Federalism under Bush
    • approach
      • Coercive/ Shift and Shaft federalism.
        • less typical of a Republican - spent money
      • more centralisation (intervention) => looks more democrat
      • sole interest in spreading admin's policy rather than working with state or local officials
    • Education
      • spending rose from $35m (2001) to $57m (2003). By 2006, dept spending at $93m - 165% increase over 5 years
      • Reauthorisation of 1965 Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA)
      • No Child Left Behind Act, Jan 2002
    • Medicare
      • Dec 2003 - major Medicare expansion Bill incl. new prescription drug benefit
        • estimated to cost $400b in first 10 years
      • Medicare fed. govt. healthcare programme for elderly introduced by LBJ in 1965
      • 25 Reps voted 'No' on its final passage in House and 9 in Senate => critical of price tag of reforms
    • Homeland Security
      • Spending on Defence increased from $290m to $651m 2001-2009 (125%)
      • Homeland Security increased from $13m to $69m 2001-2006
        • 9/11
          • Spending on Defence increased from $290m to $651m 2001-2009 (125%)
      • War on Terror - Iraq + Afghanistan
      • Defence spending under Bush rose from 15% of fed budget to 21%
    • Economy
      • Jobs and Growth Act 2003 - $20b in aid to states and local govt
      • Federal control over privately owned Federal National Mortgage Corporation and Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation
      • Bush admin sponsored $700b 'bail out' package for wall street to alleviate effects of credit crunch

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