Why was there a revolution in February 1917?

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: apple87
  • Created on: 10-05-15 21:27
View mindmap
  • Why was there a revolution in February 1917?
    • Economic problems
      • Agriculture couldn't meet demand of cities
      • Lack of consumer goods.
        • Factories focused on war effort.
        • Peasants saw no incentive to grow surplus.
          • Agriculture couldn't meet demand of cities
          • Hoarded so they would get a better price later.
      • Peasants looked after their own
        • Only a few grew a surplus so they could buy more land.
      • Working and living conditions were far below European standards.
        • Wages were 1/3 of European equivalents.
        • Literacy rate 64%
          • Could be reached by propaganda.
        • Famine was common.
        • Poor education and health.
      • Some success in heavy industry
        • Produced less than smaller countries like Britain and Germany.
      • Abandoned Gold Standard.
        • Could print as much money as they liked.
          • Inflation
      • Ports were blockaded.
    • Political problems
      • Political promises had not been met.
        • Tsar closed down Duma when it disagreed.
          • Representatives were rich.
            • Didn't strive for reform.
      • Any voice of reform was repressed.
      • Tsar continued to rule as he had before.
        • Used article 87 to close down Duma.
      • Votes were restricted to upper and lower classes.
        • Peasants who made up 80% of population had no voice.
      • Peasants demanded land re-distribution.
    • Rasputin, the Tsarina and the Tsar.
      • Constantly swapped ministers around.
        • Heavily influenced by Rasputin.
        • Caused instability.
      • Tsarina was roumoured to be a German spy.
      • Tsar made himself Commander in Chief.
        • All responsibility of attack failures was his.
      • Tsar ignored warnings about Russia being at crisis point.
    • Impact of the First World War
      • One million troops dead, 4 million wounded.
      • Workers on the verge of starvation.
      • Okhrana warned of unrest.
      • Support for workers srikes across all classes.
        • Army mutinied against the Tsar.
        • Wealthy believed monarchy was no longer worth saving.
      • Initial enthusiasm was shattered.
        • Defeats at Tannenberg and Masurian lakes.
      • Poor condition for soldiers.
        • Little food
        • Filthy medical hospitals.
      • Poor military structure.
        • Officers chosen because of loyalty instead of skill.
      • Many desertions
        • 50,000 during successful Brusilov offensive.
      • Railways transported troops and equipment.
        • Overloaded in peacetime, the system virtually collapsed.
        • Armament factories produced enough
          • Couldn't be transported due to blocked lines by engine failures.
        • Grain left to rot.
    • Political opposition.
      • In 1914 most parties supported the war. The Duma was suspended.
      • 1915 failures forced Tsar to recall Duma.
        • Demanded a government that had national support
          • Tsar refused.
      • Duma parties united to form the progressive bloc
        • Pressed for changes in the running of the war.
      • Zemgor formed to help with the war effort.
        • Provided supplies for hospitals and helped organise smaller industry in towns and villages.
        • Untitled

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Russia - 19th and 20th century resources »