Fear of Catholicism

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  • Fear of Catholicism
    • Charles I's reign
      • Charles himself
        • Not a Catholic: he was a committed Anglican
        • Marriage to Henrietta Maria - future of a Catholic heir?
          • Charles did little to restrict her influence at court
          • Didn't feel the need to explain his wife to p'ment
            • Major mistake in his openness
          • CI encouraged others to join her in Catholic worship at court
          • CI allowed her priests to lead ceremonies beyond the confines of the Queen's private chapel
        • Promotion of Arminians
          • Suggested Catholic sympathies to his critics
          • P'ments concerns
            • Increasing role of bishops in secular administrative positions
            • Exclusion of the Puritan nobility from office and influence
              • Those like Laud from humble beginnings taking key positions
            • Absolutism
              • Personal Rule 1629-40
                • Ruling without p'ment or their consent to carry out tasks
                • Atmosphere at Court became more "Catholic absolutist" in style
                  • Court masques
                  • Murals by the Catholic painter Peter Paul Rubens
                    • Displayed monarchy as a mystical institution at the shoulder of God himself
              • CI refused to explain himself when p'ment challenged him with the Petition of Right
      • P'ments concerns
        • Increasing role of bishops in secular administrative positions
        • Exclusion of the Puritan nobility from office and influence
          • Those like Laud from humble beginnings taking key positions
        • Absolutism
          • Personal Rule 1629-40
            • Ruling without p'ment or their consent to carry out tasks
            • Atmosphere at Court became more "Catholic absolutist" in style
              • Court masques
              • Murals by the Catholic painter Peter Paul Rubens
                • Displayed monarchy as a mystical institution at the shoulder of God himself
          • CI refused to explain himself when p'ment challenged him with the Petition of Right
      • 1630s
        • Untitled
    • Why was there a fear of Catholicism in the first place?
      • Massacres of Protestants in Catholic France and in the Netherlands (by Spain)
      • 1605: the Gunpowder Plot
        • Attempted to restore Catholicism at Protestant expense
      • Claimed to be the one and only true Church
        • Most believed that, thus, Catholicism intended to destroy other REs and assume absolute control
          • Caused James I to embark on the 30 years War with Spain to prevent Catholic expansion in the Low Countries

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