Protectionism, inclusiveness, authoritarianism

  • Created by: arfa
  • Created on: 03-06-18 09:55
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  • Conservatism
    • inclusiveness
      • Very much associated with One-Nation Conservatism
      • Michael Portillo's bid to make the Conservatives more inclusive of gay people had uncomfortable repercussions within his party.
      • even Norris and also of Tory MP Gerald Howarth, who said that Conservatives had "always been tolerant" and inclusive of gay people.
        • however, section 28 under Thatcher had tory party support... and Chris Grayling supported the Christian couple who refused to let a gay couple stay in their hotel
      • Cameron introduced A Lists after the party had returned just 2 black and 17 women MPs at the previous election.
    • protectionism
      • Protectionism represents any attempt to impose restrictions on trade in goods and services
        • normally by using tarrifs/quotas to limit foreign competition.
      • tories have now embrac-ed free trade over economic protectionism
        • when Peel came to office there were proposals to replace protectionismwith free trade, protectionismserved the intersts of land owners rather than common ppl so this was a big change for tories.
          • Link to pragmatism, organic change and noblesse oblige.
      • Peel enabled the British Conservative movement to ally itself with capitalism and gain support with middle classes.
      • E.g. Trump introduced a 25% tariff on steel imports, this in theory, would mean US companies will buy local steel instead.
        • The Trump administration claims the US relies too much on other countries for its metals, and that it couldn't make enough weapons or vehicles using its own industry if a war broke out.
    • authoritar-ianism
      • the enforcement or advocacy of strict obedience to authority at the expense of personal freedom.
      • Lord Kerslake, the former civil servant, warned that he thinks Cameron govt was becoming authoritarian
        • due to  proposals for changes on how unions can call strikes, plans to limit the powers of the House of Lords, cuts to the public funding of the opposition in parliament etc
      • Thatcher's section 28 was authoritarian
      • the state has absolute authority. hobbes believed in the "divine right of kings"
        • Hobbesian social contract theory
          • In the state of nature – life would be “nasty, brutish and short”.
          • Saw humans as wanting “power after power”, therefore humans entered into a social contract which meant man would surrender all of their rights to authority who will protect the people. he argued “might is right


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