The Family

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  • Family
    • What is a family?
      • Family - a group of people related by blood, marriage, adoption, civil partnership or cohabitation. E.g. a couple living together.
      • Household - a person or group who have the same address or share living accommodation e.g. a group of students sharing a house.
    • Different family structures
      • Empty Nest - the previously dependent children have left home and their parents.
      • Same Sex - A gay/lesbian couple live together, this doesn't have to include a child.
      • Boomerang - A family where the non dependent children return home to live with their parents. For example. they may return home once they have completed their years at university
      • Nuclear - a family of two generations: two parents and their dependent children.
      • Couple - two people who live together and are in a relationship without children or their children have left home.
        • Most common type of family
          • Nuclear - a family of two generations: two parents and their dependent children.
      • Lone Parent - A mother or father living with their dependent child but without a partner
        • Most common type of family
        • Classic extended - a 3 generation family that live in the same household E.g grandparents, parents and children.
        • Modified Extended - Lots of members of the same family live in the same area or are in close contact with each other.
        • Beanpole - a tall, narrow family often containing 4 or 5 generations who have had one or two children.
        • Reconstituted/ Step family - One or both parents have been previously married or cohabited and have a child/children from their previous relationship.
      • Different types of family around the world
        • Communes - most common in America. A group of people who live together and agree to share at least some of their property. some communes have been based on political beliefs such as socialism others on religious beliefs.
        • Kibbutz- found in Israel. A well known example of a commune. The children live more separate from the parents.
        • Polyandry - Rural Tibet. A rare form of marriage where the wife is allowed more than one husband. This would be found in countries where population has to be kept low therefore by a women having lots of husbands it means she can only get pregnant once at a time, where as if lots of women just had one husband there would be more pregnancies and the population would increase.
        • Polygamy -  common in Islamic societies. a form of marriage where the husband can have more than one wife.
        • The mother headed ( Matriarchal) household. Often supported by other female relatives, it has been recognized as one important family type in the west indies. This type of family is still much more common among the Afro-Caribbean community in Britain than, for example, among Asian groups.

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