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  • Family
    • Oakley
      • Nuclear family provides gender socialisation
        • Parents use canalisation (use of toys to  teach gender). For example trucks for boys and dolls for girls
        • No longer as many nuclear families meaning the research is outdated
        • Gender socialisation can also occur through  other agencies such as media and school
    • Parsons
      • Nuclear families are the best way to provide socialisation
        • Provides a breadwinner
          • Out dated
            • Many government benefits for support
            • Most  women now work
            • Much more variety in the types of family, e.g. same sex or single parent
        • Provides gender socialisation
    • Burnstein
      • Working class families are more likely to be taught the restricted code whereas middle class families are taught the elaborate code
        • This then gives middle class students an advantage as they will have cultural capital because they will find it easier to understand the elaborate code used by teachers.
          • This also means that the working class suffer from cultural deprivation
            • Alan Sugar - Was working class and is now very rich
            • Labeling - teachers assume that middle class children are smarter. Statistics support that middle class students do better than working class
            • Media can influence how you speak along with where you live
    • Feral Children
      • Proof that  family is an important aspect of socialisation as they lack the primary socialisation that the family provides
      • Cases  of feral children are very rare and therefore cannot be generalised to a wider population
    • Criticism
      • Postmodernist
        • Increase in media, technology and leisure means that you can completely create your own identity
      • Other agencies may be more important or influential in the socialisation process
    • Key
      • Theory
      • Strength
      • Criticism


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