Family and household diversity

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  • Family and household diversity
    • MYTH OF "CEREAL PACKET" FAMILIES
      • PERSISTENT MYTH-  Best, most desirable MCF of family, found in family ideology
      • Stereotype promoted in advertising
      • New right& Functionalists: Most desirable type of family
      • Allan et al.-"Natural parents"- Married of opposite sexes, biological parents of children
      • STEREOTYPE:Ideal no. of children is 2, natural parents(1st time marriages) , instrumental husband, wife expressive
      • Family- Nurturing& caring institution- Safe refuge from uncaring world
      • STEREOTYPE MISLEADING?
        • Continue to be important changes in family patterns
        • Wide range of family types
        • Family diversity- New forms of relationships
    • THE CLASSIC EXTENDED FAMILY:
      • Fuctionalists: CEF has largely disappeared
      • Lane, Spencer& McCready (2012)- CEF still found among small communities of travellers (gypsies)
        • Traditional working-class communities- Little geographical/social mobility, stay in same community- close-knit community, live close
        • South-Asian communities- Still common-Those who came in 1960's& 1970's (India,Pakistan& Bangladesh)
          • Berthoud (2001)- SA greater numbers of children & multi-generational extended family units- Source of strength& support
      • An extended family sharing same household
    • THE MODIFIED EXTENDED FAMILY:
      • An extended family living far apart, but keeping in touch
      • Maintained regular contact& mutual support made possible by modern technology and easy transportation
    • THE "BEANPOLE"FAMILY
      • Multi-generation extended family (long& thin)
      • Britain's ageing population, couples having fewer children=Families getting smaller
        • Increase in the number of extended 3,4,5 generation familes
      • Several generations of older relatives- people live longer
    • CULTURAL DIVERISTY
      • CARIBBEAN FAMILIES:
        • Berthoud (2001)- family life based on "modern individualism"
        • Marriage- 1 lifestyle option (unimportant)
        • Low rates of marriage
        • High levels of LP
        • More likely to separate/ divorce if married
      • SOUTH ASIAN FAMILIES:
        • Ballard (1982)- Extended family more common in ethnic groups- patriarchal structure
          • based on "old fashioned" values
            • Commitment to marriage, arranged marriages, tight-knit families, husband authoritive
        • Divorce rates low- Social disapproval
    • SOCIAL CLASS& REGIONAL DIVERSITY
      • CEF- Most likely to found in working class communities
      • CEF replaced with MEF/ PNF
      • MEF found in middle class- Differences in income& wealth
      • Older industrial areas- More extended families
    • GROWTH IN "SINGLE-HOOD"- LIVING ALONE
      • 1 in 3 households today- Contains 1 person, compared to 1 in 20 in 1901
      • Growth in number of young people living alone
        • Decline in marriage
        • Rise in divorce
        • Growing individualisation- LAT relationship
        • Less social stigma in living alone
        • Women wish to pursue careers- geographical mobility
        • Longer lives- pensioner one-person households
    • LIFE CYCLE& LIFE COURSE DIVERSITY:
      • Life cycle diversity- The way families may change through life
      • Life course: Various significant events
      • Allan& Crow (2001)- Traditional family life cycle& life course have changed dramtically

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