False memory debate

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  • False Memory Debate
    • Key Points
      • Links to poor interviewing techniques, suggestive therapeutic methods and harsh interrogation
      • Freudian psychologists claims traumatic experiences can be repressed, forgotten and recovered during therapy
        • The idea of repression of traumatic events directly contradicts the idea of flashbulb memories
    • Williams
      • 128 female participants- sexually abused as children- interviewed 17 years later
      • 38% denied abuse; was it due to denial/ repression or due to the stigma and embarasment
    • Loftus et al
      • Asked p's about childhood events, one of them being false
      • 6/24 participants reported remembering the false event and gave extra details
        • Creation of false memory
    • Inbau's 9 Steps Of Interrogation
      • 1. Tell the suspect you think they are guilty
        • 2. Offer them a chance to shift the blame, offer possible suggestions & show sympathy to make it easier for suspect to admit guilt
          • 3. Never allow suspect to deny guilt
            • 4. If suspect gives reasons why they couldnt be guilty, move them towards a confession or ignore them until they stop trying
              • 5. Stay close, maintain eye contact and use first names only
                • 6. When the suspect becomes quieter offer them alternatives (e.g. confess and you might not go to jail. If they cry, infer guilt
                  • 7. Give 2 choices of why the crime was committed (socially acceptable reason & less socially acceptable 1). Either why they must admit guilt
                    • 8. Make them admit guilt in front of witnesses
                      • 9. Make them sign a confession
      • There is no way to deny anything and so they are coerced into admitting
    • Causes Of Coerced False Confessions
      • Memories are fragile
      • Memories are susceptable to suggestion
      • False memories are easily created

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