Failure to Reach A Settlement 1646-48

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  • Failure to Reach A Settlement 1646-48
    • Charles
      • Prolonging negotiations
        • Refusal of Newcastle Propositions JULY 1646
      • Arguably dates back to Personal Rule, religious policies meant that some MPs believed they were preventing absolutism and Roman catholicism
      • 'duplicitous behaviour'
        • Any concessions made were not genuine, only to bide time, and could all be withdrawn if he wanted
      • Failed to distinguish between his opponents in terms of real threat
        • i.e failed to see threat of Army as a military force
      • Engagement with the Scots DECEMBER 1647
        • Revived anti-Royalist sentiment, united enemies.
          • Started Second Civil War (APRIL 1648)
            • Sealed label of 'man of blood'
        • HOWEVER Scottish side must be acknowledged in this.
      • Untitled
    • The Army
      • Politicisation of NMA by 1646
        • Wanted to be involved in negotiations with King, in order to get an independent religious settlement.
          • Desire for this came about through religious radicalism spread by radical army chaplains like Hugh Peter
      • Power of the minority - had MILITARY POWER so they could block any settlement they didn't like
        • 'Power grows from the barrel of a gun'
        • Pride's Purge was an example of exertion of this military force.
      • Levellers
        • rank + file + junior officers' disillusionment with lack of progress towards change + army reform, inspired Army pressure groups like Levellers.
          • Wanted abolition of monarchy
          • Putney Debates OCT - NOV 1647
          • Solemn Engagement 29 MAY 1647 (seizing of King and taking him to Newmarket)
          • Heads of Proposals August 1647
    • Parliament
      • Divisions in Parliament between Presbyterians and Independents made settlement difficult and prolonged negotiations
        • e.g Newport Sept - Nov 1648
      • Conservative/Radical divisions
        • War party essentially eradicated after ECW, but still a few radical political opponents in Parliament (and in the army) who made settlement difficult.
      • Parliament's (Holles and moderates) poor treatment of the army - attempting to disband without proper pay.
        • Gave the army no reason to disband, all the more reason to increase their power
          • United Army in a distrust of their former masters.

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