Failure to form attachment (privation)

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  • Created by: z_mills1
  • Created on: 11-05-14 18:03
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  • Failure to form attachment (privation)
    • Genie
      • locked in a room by her father until she was about 13yrs old
        • she never fully recovered socially and lacked social responsiveness
    • Czech twins
      • spent the first 7 years of their lives locked up by a stepmother and were unable to talk when found
      • then well cared for by two loving sisters, by age 14 had near-normal intellectual and social functioning
      • by age 20 they were above average intelligence and had excellent relationships with members of foster family
    • Hodges and Tizard
      • longitudinal natural experiment
      • followed a group of 65 children placed in institutional care when less than 4months old
      • home had a high turnover of staff, care givers were told NOT to form attachments with children
      • age 16 - those who had been adopted had close attachments to their families
        • children who returned to their natural homes were less likely to be attached
      • both groups of ex-institutional children had problems with peers (e.g. less likely to have a best friend
    • Rutter at al.
      • studied a group of 100 Romanian orphans
      • children who were adopted by British families before the age of 6 months showed 'normal' social development
        • children adopted after 6months showed disinhibited attachments and had problems with peers
      • suggests can recover if given the opportunity
        • however, continued failure to form attachments can have severe long term effects


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